HomeNewsGeneral NewsIndia's New Labour Codes Likely To Be Implemented In 2022

India’s New Labour Codes Likely To Be Implemented In 2022

India is likely to implement four new labour codes on wages, social security, industrial relations and occupation safety, health and working conditions in the next financial year. The Centre has finalised the rules under these codes in February 2021.

According to a senior government official, at least 13 states have pre-published draft rules on these laws. “The four labour codes are likely to be implemented in the next financial year of 2022-23 as a large number of states have finalised draft rules on these. The Centre has completed the process of finalising the draft rules on these codes in February 2021. But since labour is a concurrent subject, the Centre wants the states to implement these as well in one go,” the official said.

According to sources, the new labour codes may usher in a four-day workweek, as opposed to the current five-day workweek from 2022-23. With this, an employee will be able to enjoy a 3-day holiday/week, however, they will have to work for 12 hours on those four days to keep the weekly work hours in check. The Labour Ministry has asserted that even if the proposal comes through, the 48-hour weekly work requirement has to be met.  An important change that will be introduced in the wake of the 4-day workweek, would be a reduction in the take-home pay of employees. Sources have revealed that employees and firms will have to bear a higher provident fund liability, hence there will be more money in PFs and less in-hand salary.

For this, major changes will be introduced in the way an employee’s basic pay and PF are calculated. Half of the salary would be basic wages and allowances would be restricted to 50 per cent, as per sources. Contribution to provident fund is calculated as a percentage of basic wage that involves the basic pay and dearness allowance (DA). Under the present regulations, an employer’s percentage-based contribution towards the PF balance depends on the employee’s basic pay and dearness allowance. Given that basic pay would be increased, more PF will be deducted, thereby bringing down the in-hand salary of the employee.

In a written reply to the Rajya Sabha, Union Labour Minister Bhupender Yadav had disclosed that the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code is the only code on which the least number of 13 states have pre-published the draft rules. The highest number of draft notifications have been pre-published on The Code on Wages by 24 states/UTs followed by The Industrial Relations Code (by 20 states) and The Code on Social Security (18) states.

The central government has notified four labour codes, namely, the Code on Wages, 2019, on August 8, 2019_,_ and the Industrial Relations Code, 2020, the Code on Social Security, 2020, and the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 on September 29, 2020_._ Rules are required to be framed by the central government as well as by the state governments. The new industrial relation code would also improve ease of doing business by allowing firms with up to 300 workers to go ahead for lay-offs, retrenchment and closure without government permission.


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